ACA and the paint industry support awareness efforts and proper action on environmental lead exposures arising from old, deteriorated paint. Starting with industry consensus standards restricting the use of lead in paint and subsequent early state and federal regulations, ACA has actively followed and advised the legislative and regulatory process and supported industry compliance, through required testing, product labeling and other customer support efforts.
The current effort to address deteriorated lead paint in housing has gone through an evolutionary process in the United States.
While acknowledged hazards to children from eating “paint chips” and from mouthing or chewing toys, cribs or other surfaces containing lead paint served as the genesis for the eventual 1977 ban on lead use in decorative and household paints, lead-containing dust in residences has become the current and main concern.
The emerging understanding that intact paint containing lead does not present a hazard unless disturbed, either by sanding, demolishing or other renovation-related activities required new communications from public health officials.
Early efforts to eliminate (i.e., completely remove or render inaccessible by constructing barriers or though application of an approved encapsulant product) old, deteriorated paint containing lead focused on establishing abatement standards, which require detailed training and certification and careful implementation.
More recently the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established the current national regulatory scheme to address lead dust exposure arising from more typical renovation, remodeling and painting activities in target (pre-1978) housing. Known as the Renovation, Remodeling and Painting (RRP) Rule, these regulations have required all contractors working in housing built before 1978 to demonstrate certification to follow “lead safe work practices.”