Marine paints and coatings are applied to commercial and military ships (for both salt and fresh water), fixed and floating marine structures such as offshore oil rigs, and recreational boats and yachts. Included are passenger ships, freighters, tankers, container ships, fishing boats and ferries, as well as oil rigs, inland waterway ships, barges and tow boats.
Marine coatings are designed with particular functionality properties to best protect and preserve the surfaces to which they are applied. Specific areas of marine vessels and yachts require specially formulated marine coatings for use above and below the waterline. For instance, antifouling coatings — which do exactly that: protect surfaces from fouling — are highly engineered and subject to intense regulation.